I love thee, work of Peter’s hand!
I love thy stern, symmetric form;
The Neva’s calm and queenly flow
Betwixt her quays of granite-stone,
With iron tracings richly wrought;
Thy nights so soft with pensive thought,
Their moonless glow, in bright obscure,
When I alone, in cosy room,
Or write or read, night’s lamp unlit;
The sleeping piles that clear stand out
In lonely streets, and needle bright,
That crowns the Admiralty’s spire;
When, chasing far the shades of night,
In cloudless sky of golden pure,
Dawn quick usurps the pale twilight,
And brings to end her half-hour reign.
Alexander Pushkin, 1825.
A fragment of a poem “The Bronze Cavalier”,
transl. by Ch. E. Turner, 1899.
According to UNESCO, Saint-Petersburg is among the ten most tourist attractive cities of the world and competes with the largest of global tourism centers, being the gateway to Russia for many foreigners. Saint-Petersburg is the fifth — after Berlin, Rome, Paris and London — tourist capital of Europe. The city offers ample touristic potential comprising of cultural-historic and architectural heritage, opportunity to conduct scientific, cultural, business, sports and other events, provision of all sorts of touristic services, including healthcare. The city houses more than 5 million people and the city itself is nicely located between the Gulf of Finland and the shores of Lake Ladoga. The city symbols of Saint-Petersburg unite historic traditions and dynamics of change.
Saint-Petersburg was founded on 16 (27) May 1703 by Russian Tsar Peter the Great (Peter Alexeyvich Romanov). The emperor did a lot to introduce Russians to European values. In 2003 Saint-Petersburg celebrated its jubilee — 300 years from the date of foundation. Right from the time, when it was first mentioned in “The Vedomosti” in 1703, Saint-Petersburg had become one of the largest European cities, which brought together a number of famous people in the fields of science, architecture, art, music and literature. It is important to note the spatial and social significance of Saint-Petersburg — the most Russian of the European cities. The European outlines make Saint-Petersburg especially attractive. The city witnessed a number of great achievements during the 300 years of its existence, and they still determine the cultural life of Saint-Petersburg. A lot has remained in original shape in Saint-Petersburg; many of the musical, dance and opera acts are still shown in their original edition.
Development of the strategic plan of Saint-Petersburg’s development, engagement in image building of the city of a world leading consulting agency (Boston Consulting Group (BCG)), intensification of project development, directed to make Saint-Petersburg into a tourist attractive city etc. — all of this tells you about the government’s desire to most efficiently organize it’s activities, related to provision of high quality of life for the visitors and the residents. Apart from that, the high cultural and intellectual level of the residents of Saint-Petersburg, as well as the safe geopolitical situation in the area, as a whole, make the city really attractive for tourists from around the world.
Saint-Petersburg is a city of global significance, a city with a rich history and traditions. Attention of the federal government, multiple events at the highest of levels, which were held at Saint-Petersburg, brought the city in-focus not only for the Russians, but for the whole world.
The attractive aspects and advantages of the city include:
1. Great strategic geographical position:
As a figure of speech, Saint-Petersburg is called the “Window to Europe”:
Location near the border, contact zone with the European Union; coastal location near the Gulf of Finland in the eastern part of the Baltic sea; very important and developed transport hub, junction for sea, river, railway, road and air routes. A developed system of intercity transport makes the city accessible by air, road or water, as well as attractive for the visitors, who pay a lot of attention to the selection of mode of transportation, during their travels. The new Pulkovo Airport is the third in Russia, as per the number of passengers served, with growing passenger throughput of more than 14 million in 2014. The airport is located some 23 kilometres from the Palace Square — the city center and just 15 minutes drive from metro station “Moskovskaya”. Location at the head of a priority European transport corridor №9.
2. Unique cultural-historic and architectural heritage.
International fame of the city is in many ways provided by the high tourism potential of architectural ensembles of the city, cultural happenings, world renowned museums and theaters of Saint-Petersburg and the North-West, making the city a center of various types of tourism: cultural, business, elite incentive tourism, educational, event related, ecological, water and sports.
3. Traditions of the population. High cultural and intellectual level of the residents. Traditional Russian hospitality and renowned kind-heartedness of the people of Saint-Petersburg, which is legendary, leave positive memories for most of the tourists.
4. High qualification of city administration and motivation directed towards the improvement of infrastructure of “The town and the people” by improving the environment of work and living.
5. Stable geopolitical situation in the region, as a whole. The safe city of Saint-Petersburg is capable of taking in business tourists as well as high ranking guests, providing comfortable working conditions.
6. A developed system of communication and telecommunications, help inform the people, in-time, about the happenings, in the town or the one’s which affect its development and future progress.
Saint-Petersburg, being a port city, has a deep harbor and is suitable for the movement of large liners. Following ferry lines are operative: Saint-Petersburg — Helsinki — Tallinn, Saint-Petersburg — Rostok. Saint-Petersburg was regarded as the most attractive city for the docking of touristic liners, in the Northern Europe. The number of tourists coming from the sea is growing. The number of sea vessels, coming into Saint-Petersburg harbor, account for 300 to 300 thousand passengers and crew members onboard. More so at Saint-Petersburg, unlike other port cities, where the liners stay for 1 day, the tourists pass 2–3 days.
The image of Saint-Petersburg, determined by its past as a capital city, makes it a frequently mentioned city in leading federal mass media, known as the “Northern capital”, reminding of the historical role of the city. Following this combination of words, the city is then known for its world renowned tourist attractions: The Hermitage, the Winter Palace, Palace Square and the Bridge, the Alexander Column, the Copper Rider, Mariinsky Theater, the Russian museum, the Saint-Petersburg Isaac Cathedral, the Church of the Spilled blood, Smolny Cathedral and many more images, which make the city known around the world, and making it known as the “Cultural Capital” — one of the most accurate definitions of the city. The city has lots of memorials, master pieces of world architecture, museums, theaters and rich cultural life. Undoubtedly, one of the most well-known annual events is the season of the “White nights”, during which the magnificent city of Saint-Petersburg is accessible round the clock. The illustrative illumination of the parted bridges over the river Neva create a show of miraculous outlines. The unique mechanisms used to open the bridges over the Neva demonstrate the exclusiveness of Saint-Petersburg, which is situated on the same parallel as Stockholm and Helsinki. Tourism is growing in Saint-Petersburg all the time, and is an efficient industry among the constituents of the city’s economy. The tourists are welcomed in Saint-Petersburg, from across Russia and from overseas by more than 500 tourist companies. During 2014 the total number of foreign tourists, who visited Saint-Petersburg, was about 5.7 million. Apart from that the city is visited annually by more than 1.5 million Russian tourists. The visitors have a choice of more than 300 hotels to choose from, which include the largest hotels like “Angleterre”, “Astoria”, “Grand Hotel Europe”, “Corinthia Nevsky Palace”, “Radisson SAS”, “ParkInn-Pulkovskaya”.
Saint-Petersburg is a proud and strict city, which is very welcoming and kind-hearted as a mega polis, providing its visitors with friendly warmth.
The activities, related to the preparation and conduct of festivities regarding the 300th anniversary of Saint-Petersburg, in accordance with the strategic plan of Saint-Petersburg, was divided into the following basic parts:
Saint-Petersburg — the cultural capital of Russia, the city of spirituality, education, creativity and great achievements.
Saint-Petersburg — the open city, which had great scientific-economic and trade potential, center of business activity and tourism;
Saint-Petersburg — Russian gate to Europe, large transportation hub, marine capital and center for international cooperation.
Saint-Petersburg — a city for the residents, comfortable and clean municipal environment with developed engineering infrastructure, pedestrian zones and comfortable residences.
The exhibits of the Hermitage and the Russian museum, the famous shows of Marrinky Theater directed by Valery Gergiev and ballet theater directed by Boris Eifman, concerts by the Academic Philharmonic directed by Yuri Temirkanov, 125 museums and galleries offer exhibits, dedicated to the global cultural and scientific achievements. The Hermitage has new fund complex at Staraya Derevnya. Annually Saint-Petersburg receives millions of tourists, who comes from overseas. Tourism in Saint-Petersburg is growing continuously. BCG developed two brand-images for the city — basic and supplementary. The basic brand-image was tagged as “Genius of clean beauty”, the supplementary one — “Friendly warmth”.
There are 92 cities in the world, which are twin-cities to Saint-Petersburg. The city was presented in many cities: in Maribor (Slovenia), Budapest (Hunagry), Bucharest (Romania), Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro), Moscow for the largest of Japanese companies and many others. Saint-Petersburg celebrated the “city days” at Derbecen (Hungary), Quebec (Canada), Osaka (Japan), dedicated to the 25 years of twin-city status, “Saint-Petersburg days in Tallinn” (Estonia), Round table conferences “Russian routes in Europe”, as per the project of creation of the “Russian House” at Antwerp (Belgium), at Alma Ata (Kazakhstan), Narva (Estonia), Vilnius (Lithuania), at the Auss carnival in the city of Sus (Tunis). Australia, Scotland, Ireland, Egypt, Mexico, Norway and other countries conducted their own international events at Saint-Petersburg. Annually, tens of congresses, conferences, festivals with international participation, related to many fields, are held at Saint-Petersburg.
Saint-Petersburg — the European capital of Russia, attracts travelers from across the globe due to its beauty, serenity, variety of architecture and comparison to Northern Venice. This is a developing and economically stable city, with multitude of cultural values.
There new hotels added to the city scape, architectural monuments and streets are in good shape, new excursion plans are being developed continuously and ongoing marketing surveys, regarding tourist preferences and interests, are part of town development plan.
Saint-Petersburg has around 800 bridges. There are night time cruises down the river Neva and its tributaries, which enable you to see the city from a different angle and these memories stay with you forever, including the look of the granite embankments and the courageous engineering ideas, which made navigation possible.
The location of conduct of conference is the Center for International Business Cooperation, which is located opposite the Smolny Institute — the seat of the government of Saint-Petersburg.
Links to the objects in Saint-Petersburg
- Administration http://gov.spb.ru
- State Hermitage Museum in Saint-Petersburg
Founded by Catherine the Great in 1764, and houses more than one million pieces of visual arts and applied arts. Located in Saint-Petersburg, Palace Embankment, 32–38.
- State Russian Museum
Founded in 1895 in Saint-Petersburg by the Decree of emperor Nicholas II